The mining industry is a very important industry that affects the economy and technical development of countries around the world. It has existed since ancient times, when a person took the first primitive tool in his hand and began mining minerals and fuel resources. Now mining is developing rapidly, a huge amount of equipment and millions of people are employed in the industry, which is not surprising, because in this area there are ideal conditions and jobs for people who hate people. In this article we will talk about the characteristics of the mining industry, the history of its development from ancient times to our time.
The structure of the mining industry contains a huge number of industries. Therefore, a convenient classification was created for the full disclosure of each sphere.
The mining industry includes:
- Colored and black ores;
- Non-metallic minerals and building materials;
- Mining and chemical raw materials;
- fuel production;
- Hydro-mineral resources.
This industry belongs to the primary industries, as it relates to the direct extraction of raw materials, without chemical intervention. Now on the earth more than 8 thousand deposits of mining raw materials, which are actively developed by mills.
Mining is a leading industry providing the world with ferrous, non-ferrous and precious metals, building materials, and jewelry stones. Now the development of chemical raw materials is rapidly developing, which has become possible thanks to a technical breakthrough.
Among the countries that are engaged in the mining industry and have reached world records for the extraction of raw materials, there is a big 8:
- Republic of South Africa.
Ore mining is most widespread in the world, which provides the world with metals, for the production of equipment, for the construction of houses.
Mining industry features
The mining industry is constantly evolving, because it brings huge income to countries, raising the economy to a new level. This is one of the leading sectors of the world economy, which consumes a large amount of resources, involves more and more technology and people.
But in building the right process for the extraction of raw materials, there are many conditions that should always be followed.
Mining location factors:
- Raw materials;
The production of raw materials is always carried out on a huge scale, but the country’s needs play a big role. Here the issue of financing appears, if more ferrous metals are needed, more money is allocated specifically for this industry.
The second factor depends on the ratio of investments and production. In simple words – this is the possibility of return on production, the feasibility of investing financial resources. Last, the mining consumer factor also plays a big role. It is aimed at providing the population with mineral products.
The geography of the mining industry plays a very important role, because it determines the scale of work and the location of production. To reduce the cost of transporting minerals that are obtained at the mines, it was decided to place production in close proximity. This has led to the settlement of industrial areas. Cities where workers live are being built near factories and mines. In the world there are even villages where 95% of the inhabitants are employed in one field of activity. Let us consider in more detail what prospects await such people.
Career prospects for specialists in the mining industry
Traditional deposits in the modern world are being replaced by increasingly inaccessible areas. In addition, requirements for environmentally friendly mining and transportation of minerals are increasing. With the advent of new technologies in the mining industry, there is a need for fundamentally new specialists who will appear in 2020.
Exploration UAV operator
This specialist monitors the search for new deposits and the development processes of drones operating with magnetometers and other geophysical sensors. To qualify for such a position, candidates will have to work hard, so it’s time to remember what awards you had at the university. To add them in your resume correctly use the tips from this article: https://resumesbot.com/academic-awards-achievements-and-honors-on-resume/ Keep in mind that such devices are already being used to search for new deposits on the Yukon Plateau in Canada.
Environmental analyst in extractive industries
The main appointment of a specialist is to analyze the likelihood of environmental threats, create solutions for protecting the environment and restoring territories after nature management.
Telemetry Data Interpretation Engineer
The engineer analyzes the data from the field to monitor the progress of production and prevent possible emergency situations. It is possible that after 2020, artificial intelligence will work in this position.
Coordinator of distributed driving teams
The main purpose of the specialist is to ensure communication between employees who work remotely and those who work at the facility itself. The coordinator sets clear tactical tasks, organizes a coordinated team interaction, settling conflict situations.
System mining engineer
The specialist works directly in the fields, and throughout the entire development process – from exploration to closure and remediation of facilities. Different minerals are often mined at one site, so one of the key tasks of a system mining engineer is to combine fundamentally different mining technologies.
The main methods of raw material extraction
Given the large number of minerals in the mining industry of the world, there are an equivalent number and methods for developing deposits. If fossils are located on the surface, under a shallow layer of sedimentary rock, quarry or split are used for their extraction. Using technology, the upper layer is destroyed and removed, the raw material is removed and sent to production for enrichment. Thus, coal, non-ferrous and ferrous ore, silicates, diamonds, precious metals are mined.
If the fossil is deeper than 500 meters underground, it is better to use the mine method. To do this, a deep well is made in the ground – a trunk, from which branches branch. Technology, people are lowered to a depth of 1.5 kilometers, and production begins. Conveyors are used to move the extracted raw materials to the surface to automate, speed up and facilitate the process.
Hydraulic method is also used for coal mining. The rock is destroyed by water, which comes under pressure. Subsequently, with the flow through special gutters, it is transported to the surface and dehydrated. The mining industry does not use such methods yet.
Oil and gas are produced in a completely different way. To obtain them, deep wells are drilled, which can reach 22 kilometers. Further, pumping equipment is used, due to which fuel gets to the surface. A similar system is also used for the extraction of mineral waters. The highest quality water comes from artesian wells, which can reach more than 1 kilometer.